A farmer’s choice on what to feed their animals is governed by many factors, such as the age of the animal. They may also consider the price, availability, and nutrient value of various animal feed options. Modern feeds consist of carefully selected ingredients to provide the best nutritional value for your animals. Let us look at the types of animal feeds commonly used on a farm.
There are three primary forms of roughages: dry roughages, pastures, and silages. The two basic types of roughages are grass and legumes. Grasses are higher in fibre and dry matter while legumes have a high content of minerals, proteins, and vitamins. Getting quality roughages for your horses reduces the number of concentrates needed and gives them sufficient supply of vitamins and minerals.
Concentrates are energy-rich foods. They include cereal grains, such as corn, barley, wheat, oats and sorghum, as well as their by-products. Rice and wheat bran are an excellent source of niacin and thiamine. They should comprise 25% or less of the concentrate ration. Cereals are the primary energy source for ruminants.
Mixed feeds may have a high or low protein or fibre content or may have equal rations. You should give horses that are growing mixed feeds that have a higher content of protein to increase the speed at which their muscles develop. If your horses are already grown, and you would wish them to stay lean, then you should opt for mixed feeds with a higher fibre content.
As a farmer, make sure you give your animals the best nutrient value within your budget. Take your time to conduct a background check on different suppliers and choose one with proven records of accomplishment.